We are featuring
This month, we are featuring the recently released ‘Welfare Report on Disability services of Korea.' As the responsibilities of Programs for persons with disabilities has been changed from the Central Government to Regional Governments since 2005, it could derive the gap of services between the regions. In that sense, we have been researching the disability services annually to lessen the gap between the regions and promote the balanced development.
‘Welfare Report on Disability Services of Korea’ released!
According to the World Report on Disability of WHO, Robust evidence helps to make well-informed decisions about disability policies and programs. In the context, data is in accordance with the robust evidence.
As the regional governments are responsible for the services for persons with disabilities since 2005, we have been researching the disability services of Korea annually to lessen the possible gap between the regions. This given result can be used to learn the current status of the provided services of the regions, and use as a baseline for policy suggestion.
The research targeting the 17 regions of Korea from March to November 2017 by Dongseok Lee, the chief of Committee on Policy of KODAF, and two researchers within the collaboration of KODAF.
The data were provided by the Government sector and collecting from the given data from the Public sector. However, we modified the baseline-data of Jeonlado to the given data due to their noncooperation. The baseline data for Jenlado has consisted of central division and the Congress.
The index consisted of 49 indexes, which is adaptable to the 17 regions. The detailed index for the welfare sphere is as the following. Education; income and financial activities support; health and Independent Living support; welfare service support; access to mobility (appropriate accommodation), culture and leisure, ICT; budget and administration for welfare; good practice on welfare programs for persons with disabilities. The indexes mentioned above were partially corrected or complemented, clarified compared to the index of 2016's research.
<Feature 1. Consist of Index on Welfare>
Also, the results of the average score can be different within 2016, considering the average score and standard deviation of the index instead of the ranking system. The average score can be categorized to excellent, very good, normal, need to improve.
< Feature 2. Chart on the Average Score and Category of the result >
The Result of 2017 Welfare Sphere!
As a result, the gaps of each welfare and education services between the regions has decreased a little.
The average score of welfare sphere is 48.91, which is 0.21 increase compared to last year. The direct comparison within the previous year's index is inapplicable due to the alter of the index. It shows that gap has decreased, considering the gap between the highest and lowest score has lessened while the average score has increased.
<Feature 3. Infographic of the welfare sphere>
* Excellent: Green/Very Good: Blue /Normal: Orange /Need to improve: Red
Daejeon (61.81) got the highest score, and Chungbuk (45.42) is subdivided to very good.
Gyeongbuk, in ‘Very Good (blue) zone,' improved 26.5% which is an improvement considering that it was in ‘need to improve (red) zone' for five years. On the comparison, the four regions in ‘need to improve (red) zone,' need to make an extra effort.
The average score of education sphere is 67.84. Compared to the past three years, it shows that the average score has been decreasing from 2014 to 2016, and increasing again in 2017. Thus the gap between the highest and lowest score has been severe for two years until it lessened the difference of the scores in 2017.
< Feature 4. Infographic of the education sphere >
On the contrary to Ulsan, while being in the ‘Excellent zone (green)' for five years, Seoul stayed in ‘Need to improve zone (red).' It is evident that Seoul city needs to endeavor its educational sphere. Even though it has increased 2.69, the three cities (Chungbuk, Gyeongnam, Jeonnam) has decreased incredibly in comparison to the last year. It shows that newly added index such as the ‘rate of recruiting quota of special education teacher,' ‘placement of special education assistant' has influenced the result.
Within the result, we could evaluate the current status and services to improve the regional welfare service of South Korea. This data was especially meaningful as the Government sector provided the data within its cooperation. We look forward to the balanced development and the lessened gap between the regions.
Welfare Report on Disability Services of South Korea 2017 (Korean)
Press Release on the Release of Report (Korean)
or contact Sujin Kang (email@example.com)